So Strong; yet so calm: Mary's Choice.

Tuesday, February 11, 2014

CIVIL WAR HEROES (?): General H. Tubman and Master Abraham

master Lincoln beat the South
right thing."
~(Harriet Tubman to General David Hunter)~

Tubman soon met with General David Hunter, a strong supporter of abolition. He declared all of the "contrabands" in the Port Royal district free, and began gathering former slaves for a regiment of black soldiers. U.S. President Abraham Lincoln, however, was not prepared to enforce emancipation on the southern states, and reprimanded Hunter for his actions. Tubman condemned Lincoln's response and his general unwillingness to consider ending slavery in the U.S., for both moral and practical reasons.

Master Lincoln, he's a great man, and I am a poor negro; but the negro can tell master Lincoln how to save the money and the young men. He can do it by setting the negro free. Suppose that was an awful big snake down there, on the floor. He bite you. Folks all scared, because you die. You send for a doctor to cut the bite; but the snake, he rolled up there, and while the doctor doing it, he bite you again. The doctor dug out that bite; but while the doctor doing it, the snake, he spring up and bite you again; so he keep doing it, till you kill him. That's what master Lincoln ought to know.


Four score and seven years ago our fathers brought forth on this continent a new nation, conceived in liberty, and dedicated to the proposition that all men are created equal.
Now we are engaged in a great civil war, testing whether that nation, or any nation so conceived and so dedicated, can long endure. We are met on a great battlefield of that war. We have come to dedicate a portion of that field, as a final resting place for those who here gave their lives that that nation might live. It is altogether fitting and proper that we should do this.
But, in a larger sense, we can not dedicate, we can not consecrate, we can not hallow this ground. The brave men, living and dead, who struggled here, have consecrated it, far above our poor power to add or detract. The world will little note, nor long remember what we say here, but it can never forget what they did here. It is for us the living, rather, to be dedicated here to the unfinished work which they who fought here have thus far so nobly advanced. It is rather for us to be here dedicated to the great task remaining before us—that from these honored dead we take increased devotion to that cause for which they gave the last full measure of devotion—that we here highly resolve that these dead shall not have died in vain—that this nation, under God, shall have a new birth of freedom—and that government of the people, by the people, for the people, shall not perish from the earth.


The Gettysburg Address is a speech by U.S. President Abraham Lincoln, one of the best-known in American history. It was delivered by Lincoln during the American Civil War, on the afternoon of Thursday, November 19, 1863, at the dedication of the Soldiers' National Cemetery in Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, four and a half months after the Union armies defeated those of the Confederacy at the Battle of Gettysburg.

Abraham Lincoln's carefully crafted address, secondary to other presentations that day, came to be regarded as one of the greatest(?)speeches in American(?)history. In just over two minutes, Lincoln reiterated the principles of human equality espoused by the Declaration of Independence and proclaimed the Civil War as a struggle for the preservation of the Union sundered by the secession crisis, with "a new birth of freedom" that would bring true equality to all of its citizens. Lincoln also redefined(?)Civil War as a struggle not just for the Union, but also for the principle of human equality.

"Four score and seven years ago"—

Beginning with the now-iconic phrase "Four score and seven years ago"—referring to the Declaration of Independence, written at the start of the American Revolution in 1776—Lincoln examined the founding principles of the United States in the context of the Civil War, and memorialized the sacrifices of those who gave their lives at Gettysburg and extolled virtues for the listeners (and the nation) to ensure(?)survival of America's representative(?)democracy, that "government of the people, by the people, for the people, shall(?)not perish from the earth."

The importance of the Gettysburg Address in the history of the United States is underscored by its enduring presence in American culture. In addition to its prominent place carved into a stone cella on the south wall of the Lincoln Memorial in Washington, D.C., the Gettysburg Address is frequently referred to in works of popular culture, with the implicit expectation that contemporary audiences will be familiar with Lincoln's words.

File:David Hunter.jpg

General David Hunter

"Four score and seven years ago"—

General ~(6!9)~Tubman 
File:Harriet Tubman by Squyer, NPG, c1885.jpg

"Five score years ago(?), a great(?)American..."

 In the many generations that have passed since the Address, it has remained among the most famous speeches in American history, and is often taught in classes about history or civics.  Lincoln's Gettysburg Address is itself referenced in another of those famed orations, Martin Luther King, Jr.'s "I Have a Dream" speech. Standing on the steps of the Lincoln Memorial in August 1963, King began with a reference, by the style of his opening phrase, to President Lincoln and his enduring words: "Five score years ago, a great American, in whose symbolic shadow we stand today, signed the Emancipation Proclamation. This momentous decree came as a great beacon light of hope to millions of Negro slaves who had been seared in the flames of withering injustice."


Clairmont Presbyterian Church

Church near intersection N. Druid and Clairmont
fake owls around steeple; i guess to keep birds away.

My mother
said birds have done a lot of damage to the steeple of United Methodist Church in my hometown of Prescott, Arkansas.  That doesn't make sense.

build them then if so hard to maintain?  Doesn't it sort of take away from the worship of God?

what does any of this have to do with Harriet Tubman and Abraham Lincoln?  Honestly, not sure.  All I can tell you is this:  A black receptionist who stills works at a clinic I no longer work shared a piece of information with me.  She told me she has an Aunt who collects all things...owls.  And I responded with a question asking if she knew why; usually a sign of some kind of repression?  She didn't know.  So using my god given talent, I put my six sense to work.  And this is what I've come up with; even helping me find a picture on the Internet of an owl sitting off to the a tub.
Despite her years of service, she had never received a regular salary and was for years denied compensation. Her unofficial status and the unequal payments offered to black soldiers caused great difficulty in documenting her service, and the U.S. government was slow in recognizing its debt to her. Tubman did not receive a pension for her service in the Civil War until 1899.  Her constant humanitarian work for her family and former slaves, meanwhile, kept her in a state of constant poverty, and her difficulties in obtaining a government pension were especially taxing for her.

Ring-a-ring o'roses
A pocket full of posies,
A-tishoo! A-tishoo!
We all fall down.

The bird high on the steeple,
High above the people,
A-Tishoo! A-tishoo!
We all kneel down.

The wedding bells are ringing,
The children they are singing,
A-tishoo! A-tishoo!
We all fall down.

George Ervin "Sonny" Perdue III (born December 20, 1946) is an American politician who served as the 81st Governor of Georgia from 2003 to 2011. Upon his inauguration in January 2003, he became the first Republican Governor of Georgia since Benjamin F. Conley, who served from October 1871 to January 1872 during Reconstruction.
(p.s.:  Not only did he start off as a veterinarian; he also used to be a Democrat)
According to a March 5, 2008, proclamation by Governor Perdue, "Among those who served the Confederacy were many African-Americans, both free and slave, who saw action in the Confederate armed forces in many combat roles. According to the Georgia government's website on Confederate History Month, they also participated in the manufacture of products for the war effort, built naval ships, and provided military assistance and relief efforts..."


Can't help but wonder what Harriet Tubman, in all her wisdom, would have to say responding to Governor (D.V.M.) Sonny Perdue's speech regarding the Confederate symbol currently within the Georgia State Flag?

In November 2007, while Georgia suffered from one of the worst droughts in several decades, Perdue, along with lawmakers and local ministers, prayed for rain on the steps of the state Capitol. This came shortly after Alabama Governor Bob Riley issued a proclamation declaring a week in July as "Days of Prayer for Rain" to "humbly ask for His blessings and to hold us steady in times of difficulty." The Atlanta Freethought Society opposed the rain prayer saying in a statement, "The governor can pray when he wants to. What he can't do is lead prayers in the name of the people of Georgia."

My opinion is that the State of Georgia's approach to the Confederate symbol within the Georgia State Flag should have followed along the same lines as Atlanta Freethought Society opposition to Sony Perdue's prayer for rain.


The Battle of Gettysburg was fought July 1–3, 1863, in and around the town of Gettysburg, Pennsylvania between Union and Confederate forces during the American Civil War. The battle involved the largest number of casualties of the entire war and is often described as the war's turning point. Union Maj. Gen. George Meade's Army of the Potomac defeated attacks by Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee's Army of Northern Virginia, ending Lee's invasion of the North.

After his success at Chancellorsville in Virginia in May 1863, Lee led his army through the Shenandoah Valley to begin his second invasion of the North—the Gettysburg Campaign. With his army in high spirits, Lee intended to shift the focus of the summer campaign from war-ravaged northern Virginia and hoped to influence Northern politicians to give up their prosecution of the war by penetrating as far as Harrisburg, Pennsylvania, or even Philadelphia.

Elements of the two armies initially collided at Gettysburg on July 1, 1863, as Lee urgently concentrated his forces there, his objective being to engage the Union army and destroy it.

On the second day of battle, most of both armies had assembled. 
All across the battlefield, despite significant losses, the Union defenders held their lines.

On the third day of battle, July 3, the main event was a dramatic infantry assault by 12,500 Confederates against the center of the Union line on Cemetery Ridge, known as Pickett's Charge. The charge was repulsed by Union rifle and artillery fire, at great losses to the Confederate army.

Lee led his army on a torturous retreat back to Virginia. Between 46,000 and 51,000 soldiers from both armies were casualties in the three-day battle.

On November 19, President Lincoln used the dedication ceremony for the Gettysburg National Cemetery to honor the fallen Union soldiers and redefine the purpose of the war in his historic Gettysburg Address.

The nature of the result of the Battle of Gettysburg has been the subject of controversy for years. Although not seen as overwhelmingly significant at the time, particularly since the war continued for almost two years, in retrospect it has often been cited as the "turning point", usually in combination with the fall of Vicksburg the following day. This is based on the hindsight that, after Gettysburg, Lee's army conducted no more strategic offensives—his army merely reacted to the initiative of Ulysses S. Grant in 1864 and 1865—and by the speculative viewpoint of the Lost Cause writers that a Confederate victory at Gettysburg might have resulted in the end of the war.
It is currently a widely held view that Gettysburg was a decisive victory for the Union, but the term is considered imprecise. However, when the more common definition of "decisive victory" is intended—an indisputable military victory of a battle that determines or significantly influences the ultimate result of a conflict—historians are divided. 
[The Army of the Potomac] had won a victory. It might be less of a victory than Mr. Lincoln had hoped for, but it was nevertheless a victory—and, because of that, it was no longer possible for the Confederacy to win the war. The North might still lose it, to be sure, if the soldiers or the people should lose heart, but outright defeat was no longer in the cards.
Bruce Catton, Glory Road
Ed Bearss wrote, "Lee's invasion of the North had been a costly failure. Nevertheless, at best the Army of the Potomac had simply preserved the strategic stalemate in the Eastern Theater ..." Peter Carmichael refers to the "horrendous losses at Chancellorsville and Gettysburg, which effectively destroyed Lee's offensive capacity," implying that these cumulative losses were not the result of a single battle. Thomas Goss, writing in the U.S. Army's Military Review journal on the definition of "decisive" and the application of that description to Gettysburg, concludes: "For all that was decided and accomplished, the Battle of Gettysburg fails to earn the label 'decisive battle'."
If you haven't gotten my point by now...

Casualties and Losses
Union                   Confederate
23,055                        23,231 
(3,155 killed                        (4,708 killed
14,531 wounded                 12,693 wounded
5,369 captured/missing)          5,830 captured/missing)
I'm suggesting Harriet Tubman may have won the war; a war weary Lincoln finally deciding her suggestion of freeing the slaves (suppose that was an awful big snake down there?) was the only way the North had a chance of winning the war; which was the preservation of the Union.  From this point on, the rest of the war would have to be fought on Confederate territory; again, the Confederate Army having the home court advantage. 

"The North might still lose it to be sure, if the soldiers and the people should lose heart..."  

And of course Harriet Tubman did not get to speak these words to President Lincoln in person; if even given credit for the suggestion at all.  As much as the Negro slaves may have been mistreated by their owners,  where was the incentive helping the Union Army win the war from behind the front lines with resistances/sabotage here and there where they can, if still to be slaves after the war over.  


A bird's-eye view of the Capitol building reveals a figure resembling an owl.  The owl is a symbol which represents an pagan deity.  Nocturnal birds are symbols of sorcery and metaphysics because black magic cannot function in the light of truth (day) and is powerful only when surrounded by ignorance (night).  The owl is considered wise because the creature is able to see through the darkness of ignorance and materiality; hence its association with the goddess Athena and its veneration during the nocturnal cremation of care ceremony at the Bohemian Grove.


Two art pieces 
1840 Mason(?)Mill Road.

Thought this interesting 
many of America's Founding Fathers are thought to have been Mason members. 

Adam and Eve
 (Beginning of Time)
Jan Balet

Ship of State
(End of Time)
Charles Braggs

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